Information for record number MWA4128:
Potford's Dam to W of Cawston Spinney

Summary The site of Potford Dam which was originally built during the Medieval period. The Dam is marked on Beighton's map of 1722. It was probably used to provide a supply of water for a nearby watermill. The Dam was situated to the west of Cawston Spinney.
What Is It?  
Type: Dam
Period: Medieval - Industrial (1066 AD - 1913 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Dunchurch
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 46 72
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Roger Pantolf gave Pipewell Abbey the dam of his mill stream outside their enclosure at Potford. This may have been one of the two mills held by the Abbey at Cawston in 1291. In 1546 the pond called Potford dam was granted to Thomas Boughton.
2 According to an account from 1861 there was a large pool to the west of Cawston Lodge near the Rugby - Warwick turnpike road. This was formed by a dam called Potford dam. It had already been cut through and drained in the 1860's. (see also WA 4129).
4 The dam appears on several early maps but these are not specific enough to place the site.
7 The site of the of the dam could not be located when area was visited.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 6, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Salzman L F (ed)
Date: 1951
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: VI
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: History of Dunchurch
Author/originator: Bloxam M H
Date: 1861
Page Number: 10
Volume/Sheet: B Dun Blo(P)
Source No: 4
Source Type: Map
Title: Map of Warwicks
Author/originator: Beighton
Date: 1722
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Map
Title: Map of Warwickshire
Author/originator: Yates
Date: 1797
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Map
Title: Map of Warwicks
Author/originator: Greenwood
Date: 1822
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 14NE9
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 14NE9
Source No: 7
Source Type: Site Visit
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: Pehrson B
Date: 1983
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument POOL * A small body of water, either natural or artificial. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument LODGE * A small building, often inhabited by a gatekeeper, gamekeeper or similar. Use specific type where known. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument POND * A body of still water often artificially formed for a specific purpose. Use specifc type where known. back
monument ABBEY * A religious house governed by an abbot or abbess. Use with narrow terms of DOUBLE HOUSE, MONASTERY or NUNNERY. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument INDUSTRIAL * This is the top term for the class. See INDUSTRIAL Class List for narrow terms. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument WATERMILL * A mill whose machinery is driven by water. back
monument STREAM * A natural flow or current of water issuing from a source. back
monument DAM * A barrier of concrete or earth, etc, built across a river to create a reservoir of water for domestic and/or industrial usage. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record