Information for record number MWA5287:
Romano British Field System at Glasshouse Wood

Summary A field system, comprising banks, ditches and lynchets that all survive as earthworks. The field system seems to be associated with a Roman building. The field system is located in Glasshouse Wood.
What Is It?  
Type: Field System, Bank (Earthwork), Ditch, Lynchet
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Ashow
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 31 71
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Glasshouse Wood contains banks, ditches and lynchets, some of which are aligned on the Roman building (MWA2594) and therefore are probably connected. Most of the earthworks lie to the south of the settlement. Some are post-Roman (MWA5288). A system of banks runs east to west. These appear to form a number of strips 25-40m wide and 110-200m in length. These can be paralleled at other Roman sites. The area of the settlement was presumably returned to Woodland after abandonment of the settlement and has remained as Woodland since. This is why they are so well-preserved.
2 Plan.
3 Scheduled as Warwickshire Monument No 167.
5 Scheduling information.
6 There is a possible association with the adjacent settlement site. Though not proven this would make the site unique within Warwickshire at the present (2014) time. The field system suggests that the area would have been more of an open landscape in the Roman period.
7 The Scheduled area has been revised to exclude the open ground of the cricket club's grassed area. The remainder of the area is of some archaeological note and preservation where earthwork features appear to remain.

Source No: 6
Source Type: Archaeological Report
Title: Thickthorn (South-east Kenilworth) Strategic Allocations: Historic Environment Appraisal
Author/originator: Parkhouse, J
Date: 2014
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 1498
Source No: 7
Source Type: Statuatory List
Title: National Heritage List for England
Author/originator: Historic England
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Plan
Title: TBAS vol 88
Author/originator: Willacy E and Wallwork R
Date: 1976
Page Number: Fig 3
Volume/Sheet: 88
Source No: 4
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 46SE10
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1974
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 46SE10
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 88
Author/originator: various
Date: 1978
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Roman Settlement at Glasshouse Wood
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1972-3
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: SAM list
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1985
Page Number:
There are no images associated with this record.  
back to top


Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SAM List Scheduled Ancient Monument List. A list or schedule of archaelogical and historic monuments that are considered to be of national importance. The list contains a detailed description of each Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM) and a map showing their location and extent. By being placed on the schedule, SAMs are protected by law from any unauthorised distrubance. The list has been compiled and is maintained by English Heritage. It is updated periodically. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
more ->
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument CLUB * A building used by an association of persons for social and recreational purposes or for the promotion of some common object. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument GLASSHOUSE * A building made chiefly of glass, used to grow plants and fruit in. Use more specific type where possible. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD SYSTEM * A group or complex of fields which appear to form a coherent whole. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument LYNCHET * A bank formed at the end of a field by soil which, loosened by the plough, gradually moves down slope through a combination of gravity and erosion. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record