Information for record number MWA5502:
Excavation of Roman Settlement at Wasperton

Summary Excavation discovered the site of a Roman settlement which was identified from enclosures, pits, ditches and a possible building. Ten ovens and two wells were uncovered. Roman pottery was also discovered. The site is located south of Wasperton.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Enclosure, Building, Pit, Ditch, Oven, Well
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Wasperton
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 26 58
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 A Roman settlement excavated between 1980 and 1985 in advance of gravel extraction. This was concentrated in a band which ran across the centre of Field 1. Other features occurred sporadically across the area of excavation - these included a semicircle of pits in the south-west corner of Field 1, an outlier of which contained an inscribed stone, a corn drying oven in Field 2 and a field system in Field 3. The main settlement area comprised a series of interlocking rectangular enclosures. At the south-west corner an area was chosen for detailed examination and revealed numerous boundary ditches and ten ovens. Post bases were also recorded, but no traces of substantial buildings. `Belgic' pottery and pottery of 1st century to 4th century date was found. At the north extent of the settlement two wells were found. To the south-east an enclosure with a possible corn drying oven and possible building was excavated and numerous querns discovered. Two dumps of charred material were associated.
1 /Desc Text /GC / /BUFAU /Wasperton 1 / /WMBFI 1845 /Y /
2 /Desc Text / / /DoE /AM7 / /WMBFI 1845 /N /
3 /AP Plot / / /RCHM / / /WMB /Y /
4 /Plan / / /BUFAU / / /WMBFI 1845 /Y /
5 /Desc Text / /1983 /DoE /SAM Local Plan /3 /WMB /Y /
6 /Desc Text /NJP /1982 /Britannia /vol 13 /p361 /WMB /Y /
7 /Desc Text /NJP /1984 /Britannia /vol 15 /p296 /WMB /Y /
8 Fifty seven coins and a bronze rim sherd were found " in the backfilled quarry" in, or before 1997.
9 Field ploughed in January 1978 and very small quantities of RB ware found, including Severn Valley and imitation Samian.
10 List of coins found.
11 Environmental report.
12 The site is no longer a Scheduled Monument having been descheduled during April 2016.

Source No: 3
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: Aerial photograph
Author/originator: RCHM
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1983
Author/originator: S S Frere, MWC Hassall and R S O Tomlin
Date: 1984
Page Number: 265-356
Volume/Sheet: 15
Source No: 6
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1981
Author/originator: N B Rankov, M W C Hassall and R S O Tomlin
Date: 1982
Page Number: 327-422
Volume/Sheet: 13
Source No: 9
Source Type: Descriptive Text
Title: Field Survey in the Stratford Area
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1977(?)
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Field Survey
Source No: 8
Source Type: Museum Enquiry Form
Title: WMEF 802
Author/originator: WM
Date: 1987
Page Number:
Source No: 12
Source Type: Statuatory List
Title: National Heritage List for England
Author/originator: Historic England
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Plan
Title: Wasperton
Author/originator: BUFAU
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Wasperton
Author/originator: DoE
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: AM7
Source No: 5
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: DoE
Date: 1983
Page Number: 3
Volume/Sheet: SAM Local Plan
Source No: 1
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Wasperton
Author/originator: G.Crawford BUFAU
Date: 1980s
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Wasperton 1
Source No: 10
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Wasperton. Coins found between 1981 and January 1987
Author/originator: Seaby, W.A.
Date: 1980s
Page Number:
Source No: 11
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Wasperton
Author/originator: Bowker, C.H.
Page Number:
The excavation of a Roman well at Wasperton
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Click here for larger image  
The excavation of a Roman well at Wasperton
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Click here for larger image  
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source Britannia Britannia, the journal of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies which contains articles about the archaeology of Roman Britain. It is published annually and copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMEF Warwickshire Museum Enquiry Form. These are forms that are filled in when a person brings an object to Warwickshire Museum to be identified. Amongst the information recorded on the form are details such as a description of the object, where and when it was found, and in some cases a sketch or photographs of it. Copies of the form can be viewed at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Field Survey The term ‘field survey’ is used to describe all work that does not disturb archaeological deposits below the ground through an excavation. Field survey techniques involve recording measurements that help archaeologists draw plans or diagrams of archaeological features. There are a variety of different field survey techniques, including geophysical survey, building recording survey, field walking survey, landscape survey and earthwork survey. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument OVEN * A brick, stone or iron receptacle for baking bread or other food in. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument CORN DRYING OVEN * A heated stone, brick or iron chamber used for drying corn. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument INSCRIBED STONE * An early Medieval commemorative monument in the form of a stone which has been inscribed with symbols. back
monument RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE * A rectangular shaped area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier. back
monument BOUNDARY DITCH * A ditch that indicates the limit of an area or a piece of land. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument FIELD SYSTEM * A group or complex of fields which appear to form a coherent whole. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument QUARRY * An excavation from which stone for building and other functions, is obtained by cutting, blasting, etc. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record