Information for record number MWA5636:
Possible Neolithic to Bronze Age round barrow

Summary A possible round barrow, an artificial mound of earth used for covering a burial. It probably dates to the Bronze Age and is visible as an earthwork. It is situated 100m north of Windmill Hill Quarry. Alternatively, it has been suggested that it is a spoilheap from Quarry activity.
What Is It?  
Type: Round Barrow?, Barrow?, Spoil Heap?
Period: Early Neolithic - Industrial (4000 BC - 1913 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Nuneaton and Bedworth
District: Nuneaton and Bedworth, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 34 93
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Bronze Age burial mound below Windmill Hill. This mound is besected by a recently widened lorry track but was complete and intact up until about a year ago. This field has never been ploughed.
2 The exact location is not clear from the information supplied and the above grid reference is an estimate from a sketch map.
3 Information regarding the location of this site is included in correspondence. It is claimed the site is located at SP3493.
4 Infrared and other APs suggest this site is made ground resulting from quarrying activity in the area and not a ceremonial burial ground. A suggestion is made that an archaeologist should investigate this site.
5 Dating confirmed as between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age.
6 Doubt expressed about the authenticity of this monument.
7 Given the location of this site it could well be a spoil heap; LiDAR is not particularly helpful, but there does appear to be a slight mound at SP34519334. Requires further investigation.

Source No: 4
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Round Barrow, Nuneaton and Bedworth
Author/originator: Cook A C
Date: 1992
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Round barrow, Nuneaton and Bedworth
Author/originator: Waite R
Date: 1978
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Boat Haven Construction, land off Mancetter Road, Nuneaton
Author/originator: Scott, K
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Unpublished document
Author/originator: Cook A F
Date: 1992
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: R.C.Hingley personal comment
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1989
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Aggregates Assessment
Author/originator: Stuart Palmer
Date: 2006
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Pers. Comm. Giles Carey
Author/originator: G Carey
Date: 2009-2014
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Neolithic About 4000 BC to 2351 BC

The word ‘Neolithic’ means ‘New Stone Age’. Archaeologists split up the Neolithic period into three phases; early, middle and late. The Neolithic period comes after the Mesolithic period and before the Bronze Age.

People in the Neolithic period hunted and gathered food as their ancestors had but they were also began to farm. They kept animals and grew crops. This meant that they were able to settle more permanently in one location instead of constantly moving from place to place to look for food.
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period Bronze Age About 2500 BC to 700 BC

The Bronze Age comes after the Neolithic period and before the Iron Age.

The day to day life of people in the Bronze Age probably changed little from how their ancestors had lived during the Neolithic period. They still lived in farmsteads, growing crops and rearing animals.

During the Bronze Age people discovered how to use bronze, an alloy of tin and copper (hence the name that has given to this era). They used it to make their tools and other objects, although they continued to use flint and a range of organic materials as well. A range of bronze axes, palstaves and spears has been found in Warwickshire.
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monument BARROW * Artificial mound of earth, turf and/or stone, normally constructed to contain or conceal burials. Use specific type where known. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument WINDMILL * A tower-like structure of wood or brick with a wooden cap and sails which are driven around by the wind producing power to work the internal machinery. Use with product type where known. back
monument ARTIFICIAL MOUND * An artificial hill constructed in Tudor gardens, especially, to provide a good view. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument INDUSTRIAL * This is the top term for the class. See INDUSTRIAL Class List for narrow terms. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument SPOIL HEAP * A conical or flat-topped tip of waste discarded from a mine or similar site. back
monument BURIAL * An interment of human or animal remains. Use specific type where known. If component use with wider site type. Use FUNERARY SITE for optimum retrieval in searches. back
monument QUARRY * An excavation from which stone for building and other functions, is obtained by cutting, blasting, etc. back
monument MOUND * A natural or artificial elevation of earth or stones, such as the earth heaped upon a grave. Use more specific type where known. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument ROUND BARROW * Hemispherical mound surrounded by a ditch (or occasionally two or more concentric ditches), often accompanied by an external (or occasionally internal) bank. Mound and ditch may sometimes be separated by a berm. Use specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record