Information for record number MWA6103:
Iron Age Settlement 100m SW of Glebe Barn

Summary Subrectangular enclosures and linear features were visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. A subsequent field survey produced material of an Iron Age date, suggesting a settlement. The site is located 1km north east of the church at Halford..
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Enclosure, Linear Feature
Period: Iron Age (800 BC - 42 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Halford
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 27 46
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 A pair of subrectangular enclosures and other linear features and small enclosures were photographed from the air in 1986. Field survey produced a scatter of Iron Age sherds, including a preponderance of the shelly wares which appear to typify the early and middle Iron Age in South Warwickshire. In addition quantities of animal bone, burnt stone and daub were noted in the plough soil. This appears to be a settlement of Iron Age date.
4 Survey report.
5 Two probably Iron Age rectilinear enclosures were visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs and mapped as part of the SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS NMP project. The enclosures are located southwest of Glebe Barn at SP 27126 46107 and are defined by ditches. The easternmost enclosure measures 58m by 49m and has an entrance on the east side. The westernmost enclosure is visible on three sides; the west, the north and the east, and measures 49m across southwest to northeast. Further aerial photographs held in the Warwickshire HER, suggest that further enclosures are visible to the south of the rectilinear enclsoures. A possible curvilinear enclosure is visible as a cropmark at SP 27056 46049, a probable rectangular enlosure is visible at SP 27117 46042 and a linear feature is visible at SP 27132 46017. These were also mapped as part of the SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS NMP project.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP2746
Author/originator: JP
Date: 1986
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP2746 A-E
Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Halford
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1987
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Field Survey Form
Source No: 5
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds NMP Project
Author/originator: Amanda Dickson
Date: 2010-2012
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 30 1987
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1987
Page Number: 45
Volume/Sheet: 30
Source No: 1
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Unpublished document
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1987
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Field Survey The term ‘field survey’ is used to describe all work that does not disturb archaeological deposits below the ground through an excavation. Field survey techniques involve recording measurements that help archaeologists draw plans or diagrams of archaeological features. There are a variety of different field survey techniques, including geophysical survey, building recording survey, field walking survey, landscape survey and earthwork survey. back
technique Cropmark Cropmarks appear as light and dark marks in growing and ripening crops. These marks relate to differences in the soil below. For example, parched lines of grass may indicate stone walls. Crops that grow over stone features often ripen more quickly and are shorter than the surrounding crop. This is because there is less moisture in the soil where the wall lies.

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technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE * A monument consisting of an area of land enclosed by a ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier, where the barrier consists of several straight or near straight sections. back
monument CURVILINEAR ENCLOSURE * A monument consisting of an area of land enclosed by a ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier, where the boundary follows an irregular curving course. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument LINEAR FEATURE * A length of straight, curved or angled earthwork or cropmark of uncertain date or function. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument BARN * A building for the storage and processing of grain crops and for housing straw, farm equipment and occasionally livestock and their fodder. Use more specific type where known. back
monument SUBRECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE * A monument consisting of an area enclosed by a ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier, where the barrier follows an almost rectangular course. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record