Information for record number MWA6201:
Possible Medieval Woodland Boundary at Oakley Wood

Summary The site of boundary banks of Medieval date around Oakley Wood. The banks are so substantial that they have, in the past, been interpreted as the remains of an Iron Age hillfort.
What Is It?  
Type: Boundary Bank
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Admington
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 30 59
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 An entrenchment in good preservation and of considerable size. It is on fairly level ground. The camp, roughly triangular in form, encloses an area of about 3.75 ha. The defences, which are still formidable on the N side, consist primarily of a rampart, protected externally by a ditch, beyond this again are remnants in some places of a second rampart and ditch. There are further banks and trenches to be seen within the wood, which probably formed outworks to the main fort. The height of the ramparts at the N apex is 3.9m with a breadth at its base of 8.8m; the ditch defending it measures 10.5m across.
2 1956: The wood has been cleared and the site replanted recently. A possible entrance was noted. At the SE corner and middle of the W side the defences are joined by boundary banks. At the latter point the rampart has been breached by the N ditch of the boundary bank, which is plainly later than the main work. 1969: This is a plateau fort. In construction the defences are typically Iron Age, with probable original entrances at the E and W. No trace of outworks or outer rampart.
3 Scheduled as Warwickshire Monument No 12.
5 Banks and ditches are distinct and of considerable size. W sector: Bank 1.5m above dry ditch and interior. NW sector c2m above silty ditch, terminating at N apex in a mound c2.5m high. NE and E sectors: Banks much slighter, c0.75m above dry ditch. Small entrance half way along the E sector. SE corner: Bank discontinues here. Line of S bank continues E towards edge of wood.
6 The shape, location and structure of the earthwork are fairly anomalous. Although on top of a plateau the location is not obviously defensive. The shape is irregular rectilinear, unlike other Warwickshire hillforts, which are oval or rectangular. The 'hillfort' is part of a complex of ditched and banked enclosures in and surrounding Oakley wood. Each of the sharp corners of the 'hillfort' has an earthwork leading off towards a boundary earthwork that surrounds the wood. It seems possible that the whole complex, including the 'hillfort', is related to Medieval woodland management.
9 Fieldwork revealed the supposed Iron Age hillfort to be part of a complex of ditched and banked earthworks linked to a boundary earthwork around the wood; it is possibly related to Medieval or later woodland management.

Source No: 9
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Medieval Archaeology: Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1986
Author/originator: S M Youngs, J Clark and T B Barry
Date: 1987
Page Number: 110-191
Volume/Sheet: 31
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 1, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Doubleday H A & Page W (eds)
Date: 1904
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 1
Source No: 7
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Admington
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1986
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Field Survey Form
Source No: 8
Source Type: Plan
Title: Oakley Wood, Admington
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1986
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 34NE2
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1969
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 34NE2
Source No: 6
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 29 1986
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1986
Page Number: 56
Volume/Sheet: 29
Source No: 3
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Oakley Wood Camp
Author/originator: Ministry of Works/DoE
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: SAM list
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1985
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: TBAS vol 86
Author/originator: Thomas N
Date: 1974
Page Number: 21
Volume/Sheet: 86
There are no images associated with this record.  
back to top


Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SAM List Scheduled Ancient Monument List. A list or schedule of archaelogical and historic monuments that are considered to be of national importance. The list contains a detailed description of each Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM) and a map showing their location and extent. By being placed on the schedule, SAMs are protected by law from any unauthorised distrubance. The list has been compiled and is maintained by English Heritage. It is updated periodically. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
more ->
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
more ->
monument FIELDWORK * A usually temporary earthwork or fortification, the latter constructed by military forces operating in the field. Use more specific type where known. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BOUNDARY BANK * An earthen bank that indicates the limit of an area or a piece of land. back
monument BOUNDARY * The limit to an area as defined on a map or by a marker of some form, eg. BOUNDARY WALL. Use specific type where known. back
monument FORT * A permanently occupied position or building designed primarily for defence. back
monument RAMPART * A protective earthen mound, often the main defence of a fortification. back
monument DEFENCE * This is the top term for the class. See DEFENCE Class List for narrow terms. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument TRENCH * An excavation used as a means of concealment, protection or both. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument HILLFORT * A hilltop enclosure bounded by one or more substantial banks, ramparts and ditches. Use more specific type where known. back
monument MOUND * A natural or artificial elevation of earth or stones, such as the earth heaped upon a grave. Use more specific type where known. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record