Information for record number MWA6249:
Excavations of RB Buildings at Manduessedum

Summary The remains of buildings dating to the Roman period in the town of Manduessedum were excavated. The site is located 500m south east of Witherley Bridge, Mancetter.
What Is It?  
Type: Town, Post Hole, Pit, Building, Wall
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Mancetter
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 32 96
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 1964 Site A. Beneath the late 3rd century/4th century rampart (PRN 3857) and in front of it were signs of intense occupation from the late 1st century onwards, and the construction of the defences had involved the dismantling of a very substantial timber structure. The earliest features were shallow and ill-defined and contained mid to late 1st century pottery. These features included post holes, pits and slots. In the early 2nd century these were replaced by more substantial structures, with floors of clay and mortar. These were altered and rebuilt throughout the 2nd century and 3rd century. Later these were dismantled and the defensive system constructed. A number of features including a stone wall, a slot and a post hole may be later than the defences.
2 Plan.
3 Plan.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: TBAS vol 84
Author/originator: Mahany C
Date: 1970
Page Number: 20-44
Volume/Sheet: 84
Source No: 2
Source Type: Plan
Title: TBAS vol 84
Author/originator: Mahany C
Date: 1970
Page Number: Fig 2
Volume/Sheet: 84
Source No: 3
Source Type: Plan
Title: TBAS vol 84
Author/originator: Mahany C
Date: 1970
Page Number: Fig 2
Volume/Sheet: 84
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FLOOR * A layer of stone, brick or boards, etc, on which people tread. Use broader site type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument RAMPART * A protective earthen mound, often the main defence of a fortification. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument DEFENCE * This is the top term for the class. See DEFENCE Class List for narrow terms. back
monument BRIDGE * A structure of wood, stone, iron, brick or concrete, etc, with one or more intervals under it to span a river or other space. Use specific type where known. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument SIGN * A board, wall painting or other structure displaying advice, giving information or directions back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back
monument POST HOLE * A hole dug to provide a firm base for an upright post, often with stone packing. Use broader monument type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record