Information for record number MWA6357:
Cropmark Enclosures 600m NW of Salford Priors

Summary Three undated enclosures and a cluster of pits are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. They are located 450m north of Salford Priors.
What Is It?  
Type: Enclosure, Pit Cluster
Period: Early Neolithic - Romano-British (4000 BC - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Salford Priors
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 07 51
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

3 Traces of three rectilinear cropmark enclosures are visible.
4 Three rectilinear cropmark enclosures and a cluster of pits evident on aerial photographs were mapped as part of the English Heritage National Mapping Project.
5 The extent of this monument was extended to incorporate a pit cluster also identifed by the National Mapping Project, centred on SP 0734 5157.
7 Possible features across the western field were identified by the AOC Assessment of Local Service Villages for Stratford-on-Avon District Council in 2012 from Google Earth satellite imagery.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP3772
Author/originator: Pickering J
Date: 1962
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 3772-D
Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP0751
Author/originator: CUC
Date: 1981
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP0751K
Source No: 4
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP0751 Frame 30
Author/originator: English Heritage
Date: 15 Jul 2002
Page Number: Frame 30
Volume/Sheet: SP0751
Source No: 6
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Historic Environment Assessment of Local Service Villages, Stratford-on-Avon District, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Carter, H and MacQuarrie, H
Date: 2012
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Google Earth Aerial and Street View
Author/originator: Google Earth
Date: 1945-present
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Unpublished document
Author/originator: Hodgson J
Date: 1990
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Validation as a result of the NMP project data
Author/originator: G Carey
Date: 2009 onwards
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique Cropmark Cropmarks appear as light and dark marks in growing and ripening crops. These marks relate to differences in the soil below. For example, parched lines of grass may indicate stone walls. Crops that grow over stone features often ripen more quickly and are shorter than the surrounding crop. This is because there is less moisture in the soil where the wall lies.

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technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Neolithic About 4000 BC to 2351 BC

The word ‘Neolithic’ means ‘New Stone Age’. Archaeologists split up the Neolithic period into three phases; early, middle and late. The Neolithic period comes after the Mesolithic period and before the Bronze Age.

People in the Neolithic period hunted and gathered food as their ancestors had but they were also began to farm. They kept animals and grew crops. This meant that they were able to settle more permanently in one location instead of constantly moving from place to place to look for food.
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monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument PIT CLUSTER * A spatially discrete group of pits usually containing artefactual material with little or no accompanying evidence for structural features. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record