Information for record number MWA7395:
Possible Roman Field System at Windmill Business Park, Napton on the Hill

Summary Several ditches and gullies of Roman date were found during an excavation. They might represent the remains of a Roman field system. The features were found to the north west of Napton Hill.
What Is It?  
Type: Ditch, Gully, Field System
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Napton on the Hill
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 45 61
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Archaeological evaluation found a small area of undisturbed features principally of early Roman date. Most of the site had been quarried for clay.
2 A small excavation was undertaken in 1996 in advance of development. Small quantities of residual flint and middle Iron Age pottery were recovered and multiple ditches and gullies represented part of a late Iron Age/early Romano British settlement. The site was occupied through the 1st - 2nd centuries and was of relatively low status.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Windmill Business Park, Napton on the Hill , Warwickshire
Author/originator: OAU
Date: 1994
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 40 (1997)
Author/originator: Mould, C (ed)
Date: 1998
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 40
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Word or Phrase
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument WINDMILL * A tower-like structure of wood or brick with a wooden cap and sails which are driven around by the wind producing power to work the internal machinery. Use with product type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument BUSINESS PARK * An area speciallly developed to accommodate commercial buildings. back
monument GULLY * A deep gutter, drain or sink. back
monument FIELD SYSTEM * A group or complex of fields which appear to form a coherent whole. Use more specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record