Information for record number MWA8037:
Cropmarks E of Mancetter Mill

Summary An enclosure, with some internal features, is visible as a crop mark on aerial photographs. Excavation has dated it to the Roman period. It lies 450m south of Witherley Bridge.
What Is It?  
Type: Enclosure, Well, Pit, Ditch
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Mancetter
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 32 96
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Cropmarks show on aerial photographs. These comprise a rectangular enclosure with faint internal features.
2 Site 4. During fieldwalking in 1977 a pottery scatter was found here (MWA7463). In 1976 a Cropmark was recorded - a small rectangular enclosure with faint internal features (MWA8037). In 1977 the area was stripped, and ditches, wells and other features recorded in a trench about 17.25m by 1.2m. The ditch, palisade slot and pit revealed are probably those that show as Cropmarks. Samian recovered here confirms the dating. feature 1, a water tank with surviving wood, was only partly excavated. Associated with feature 1 were a posthole and a narrow slot. A second deep feature proved to be a well. This was excavated to a depth of 2.3m. A short distance east of the well another feature was located. This was not excavated because most of it was under the baulk. The pottery from features in the trial trench dates to 50-70 AD and the enclosure seems contemporary with the fort. It is uncertain what this is. Is it the canabae for the civil following or a trading post using the river for transport?
3 Plan.
4 Description as above.
5 Description as above.
6 Excavation details from 1977.
7 Noted; Cropmark/enclosure; trench proving 1st century occupation in its interior.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP3296
Author/originator: Pickering J
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP3296Q-S
Source No: 5
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1977
Author/originator: R Goodburn, M W C Hassall and R S O Tomlin
Date: 1978
Page Number: 403-485
Volume/Sheet: 9
Source No: 6
Source Type: Excavation archive
Title: Mancetter
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1977
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: TBAS vol 91
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1981
Page Number: 7, 23
Volume/Sheet: 91
Source No: 3
Source Type: Plan
Title: TBAS vol 91
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1981
Page Number: Fig 2
Volume/Sheet: 91
Source No: 4
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS no 20
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1977
Page Number: 38
Volume/Sheet: 20
Source No: 7
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Roman Mancetter (notes and site gazetteer)
Author/originator: Scott K?
Date: 1983?
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source Britannia Britannia, the journal of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies which contains articles about the archaeology of Roman Britain. It is published annually and copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMANS West Midlands Archaeological News Sheet, a publication that was produced each year, this later became West Midlands Archaeology. The West Midlands Arcaheological News Sheet contains reports about archaeological work that was carried out in the West Midlands region in the previous year. It includes information about sites dating from the Prehistoric to the Post Medieval periods. It was produced the Department of Extramural Studies at Birmingham University. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Cropmark Cropmarks appear as light and dark marks in growing and ripening crops. These marks relate to differences in the soil below. For example, parched lines of grass may indicate stone walls. Crops that grow over stone features often ripen more quickly and are shorter than the surrounding crop. This is because there is less moisture in the soil where the wall lies.

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technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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technique Trial Trench A small regular hole that is usually square or rectangular in shape. Archaeologists dig trial trenches to discover if there are any archaeological remains at a particular location. See also excavation. back
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument TRANSPORT * This is the top term for the class. See TRANSPORT Class List for narrow terms. back
monument CIVIL * This is the top term for the class. See CIVIL Class List for narrow terms. back
monument PALISADE * An enclosure of stakes driven into the ground, sometimes for defensive purposes. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument WATER TANK * A receptacle for the storage of water. back
monument FORT * A permanently occupied position or building designed primarily for defence. back
monument RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE * A rectangular shaped area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument BRIDGE * A structure of wood, stone, iron, brick or concrete, etc, with one or more intervals under it to span a river or other space. Use specific type where known. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument TRENCH * An excavation used as a means of concealment, protection or both. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record