Information for record number MWA8223:
C19 tannery, West St, Warwick

Summary Documentary evidence and the results of an excavation show that there was a tannery on land just off West Street, Warwick. The tannery existed at the site during the Imperial period.
What Is It?  
Type: Tannery
Period: Imperial - Industrial (1751 AD - 1913 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Warwick
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 27 64
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Origin of use of site as tannery not known, but possible that 19th century works following old tradition in area, as tanneries commonly located in Medieval suburbs. The area is marked as a tannery on an 1851 Board of Health map, but structures marked on maps of 1788 and 1806 may have had same function. By 1851 site had tanning pits and bark-grinding mill clearly shown. Fellmonger and tanner mentioned in West Street in a directory of 1830, and references to these trades continue in other 19th century directories. Shown as tannery and skin works on 1889 Ordnance Survey map. tannery replaced by IWH Engineering c1949. Archaeological observations of limited groundworks in 1998 noted a wood lined trough and culverted stream within the tannery area.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Archaeological Observation at IWH Engineering, 74 West St, Warwick
Author/originator: Jones, C
Date: 1998
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period Imperial 1751 AD to 1914 AD (end of the 18th century AD to the beginning of the 20th century AD)

This period comes after the Post Medieval period and before the modern period and starts with beginning of the Industrial Revolution in 1750. It includes the second part of the Hannoverian period (1714 – 1836) and the Victorian period (1837 – 1901). The Imperial period ends with the start of the First World War in 1914.
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monument TANNERY * A manufacturing complex where the hides of animals are turned into leather, consisting of buildings for fleecing and drying, as well as treatment pits. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument TROUGH * A narrow, open container, usually where food or water for animals is put. Use specific type where known. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument SUBURB * A largely residential area on the outskirts of a town or city. back
monument TANNING PIT * A pit or tank containing chemicals for the preserving of animal hide. back
monument INDUSTRIAL * This is the top term for the class. See INDUSTRIAL Class List for narrow terms. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument STREAM * A natural flow or current of water issuing from a source. back
monument WORKS * Usually a complex of buildings for the processing of raw materials. Use specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record