Information for record number MWA8608:
The Hill, Warwick Road - grounds

Summary Gardens created in the Imperial period, and which retain evidence of 19th century layout and planting. The Gardens are marked on the Ordnance Survey maps of 1886 and 1938, and are situated to the north of the Warwick Road. Recommended for inclusion on Register/Local List by Lovie.
What Is It?  
Type: Garden, Maze
Period: Imperial - Industrial (1751 AD - 1913 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Stratford upon Avon
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 20 55
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Large villa site with drive, lodge, terrace, pleasure grounds, kitchen garden, paddocks, maze. House built 1856-7. Now owned by Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Substantial remains of 19th century layout and planting. Possibly designed by Milner.
2 The Hill was commissioned by Edward Flower in 1856, but the site is poorly documented and the names of the architect and garden designer have not been identified. 1886 OS map shows long sinuous drive, lodge, terrace, conservatory, pleasure grounds, walks, maze and paddocks. The House, now owned by the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, has been divided into apartments; part of the paddocks has been developed, and the conservatory has been demolished. Locally significant mid 19th century site suitable for inclusion on the Local List.
3 Shown on OS 1:10560 1886 Sht Warks 44NW, as described in
4 Shown on OS 1:10560 1938 Sht Warks 44NW.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Warwickshire Register Review Data Tables (Stratford on Avon)
Author/originator: Lovie, Jonathan
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Warwickshire Register Review Report & Recommendations
Author/originator: Lovie, Jonathan
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Map
Title: 44NW 1:10560 1886
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1886
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 44NW
Source No: 4
Source Type: Map
Title: 44NW 1:10560 1938
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1938
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 44NW
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Word or Phrase
period Imperial 1751 AD to 1914 AD (end of the 18th century AD to the beginning of the 20th century AD)

This period comes after the Post Medieval period and before the modern period and starts with beginning of the Industrial Revolution in 1750. It includes the second part of the Hannoverian period (1714 – 1836) and the Victorian period (1837 – 1901). The Imperial period ends with the start of the First World War in 1914.
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monument CONSERVATORY * A glasshouse used to grow and display tender decorative plants. May be either an extension to a house or freestanding. back
monument PADDOCK * An enclosed field for horses. back
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument KITCHEN GARDEN * A private garden established primarily for growing vegetables and herbs for domestic consumption. back
monument LODGE * A small building, often inhabited by a gatekeeper, gamekeeper or similar. Use specific type where known. back
monument APARTMENT * A room or suite of rooms used as dwellings, eg. in private houses, hotels or tenement houses. back
monument DRIVE * A road/carriage way giving access from the main road to the house, stables. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument INDUSTRIAL * This is the top term for the class. See INDUSTRIAL Class List for narrow terms. back
monument WALK * A place or path for walking in a park or garden. Use more specific type where possible. back
monument VILLA * A term for a type of house, with varying definitions according to period. Roman villas were high-status and usually associated with a rural estate, whereas Georgian and later period villas were often semi-detached, town houses. back
monument GARDEN * An enclosed piece of ground devoted to the cultivation of flowers, fruit or vegetables and/or recreational purposes. Use more specific type where known. back
monument MAZE * A confusing and baffling network of winding and intercommunicating paths, often bordered by high hedges or walls. Some early examples are believed to have had ritual uses. Use more specific type where known. back
monument TERRACE * A row of houses attached to and adjoining one another and planned and built as one unit. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record