Information for record number MWA8717:
Medieval/post-medieval activity at 8/9 Henley Street

Summary The site of possible Medieval tanning pits and associated activity found during archaeological work. The site was located in the area of Henley Street, Stratford upon Avon.
What Is It?  
Type: Tanning Pit, Cess Pit
Period: Medieval - Post-Medieval (1066 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Stratford upon Avon
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 20 55
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Earliest feature dates to probably 13th/14th century. 12th/13th century residual pottery suggests earlier Medieval occupation. Most features excavated date to the 15th/16th centuries and seem to represent rubbish or cess pits. A group of three clay-lined pits, and a possible fourth, probably dating to the 15th/16th century, seem to be recognisable as structures used in the tanning or hide industries. The presence of some cow horn cores is suggestive of tanning rather than tawing. A total of 37 sherds were recovered, mostly dating to the late/early Post Medieval period. Vessel forms were divided between table wares and kitchen wares.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Archaeological Observation at 8-9 Henley Street, Startford
Author/originator: Christopher Jones
Date: 1999
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Report No 9920
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Word or Phrase
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period Post Medieval About 1540 AD to 1750 AD (the 16th century AD to the 18th century AD)

The Post Medieval period comes after the medieval period and before the Imperial period.

This period covers the second half of the reign of the Tudors (1485 – 1603), the reign of the Stuarts (1603 – 1702) and the beginning of the reign of the Hannoverians (1714 – 1836).
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument CESS PIT * A pit for the reception of night-soil and refuse. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument KITCHEN * A building or room where food is prepared and cooked. back
monument TANNING PIT * A pit or tank containing chemicals for the preserving of animal hide. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument HIDE * A shelter, sometimes camouflaged, for the observation of birds and animals at close quarters. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record