Information for record number MWA8735:
Iron Age Settlement, Church Hill, Burton Dassett

Summary Excavation of this site in advance of quarrying, found evidence of Iron Age activity, including a post hole, pits, elongated features and pottery with finger tip decoration. The location was at Church Hill, Burton Dassett.
What Is It?  
Type: Pit, Post Hole, Settlement
Period: Iron Age (800 BC - 42 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Burton Dassett
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 40 51
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 During an excavation, EWA6722, in advance of quarrying for roadstone for the M40, evidence of Iron Age activity was recorded. An east-west linear spread of features, a posthole, ten pits and two elongated features were exposed. The pits and postholes were of early Iron Aage date, containing pottery, mainly produced in local clays, some of which carried finger-tip decoration and quern fragments. The site forms part of a larger settlement, part of which survives outside the quarry; although it appears to be unenclosed. To the north of the site was a scatter of Iron Age finds.
2 Aerial photographs showing the extent of quarrying atop Church Hill.
3 The extent of this site as mapped is not exact, but based on the extent of quarrying identified in this area, mainly seen as scars on Aerial photographs. It should therefore be treated as approximate.
4 A probably Post Medieval quarry is visible as earthworks on Aerial photographs taken in 1947 and is still visible as earthworks on Aerial photographs taken in 1999. The site is defined by an area of undulating and disturbed ground. The quarries are likely to have been dug to extract Marlstone which is shown on the geological map at this location. This site has been mapped from Aerial photographs as part of the South East Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS Target Areas National Mapping Programme. .

Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP2385
Date: 30/06/77
Page Number: 263
Volume/Sheet: SP2385
Source No: 1
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: Excavation, Church Hill, Burton Dassett
Author/originator: Booth P
Date: 1989
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Pers. Comm. Giles Carey
Author/originator: G Carey
Date: 2009-2014
Page Number:
There are no images associated with this record.  
back to top


Word or Phrase
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
more ->
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
more ->
period Post Medieval About 1540 AD to 1750 AD (the 16th century AD to the 18th century AD)

The Post Medieval period comes after the medieval period and before the Imperial period.

This period covers the second half of the reign of the Tudors (1485 – 1603), the reign of the Stuarts (1603 – 1702) and the beginning of the reign of the Hannoverians (1714 – 1836).
more ->
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument QUARRY * An excavation from which stone for building and other functions, is obtained by cutting, blasting, etc. back
monument TARGET * Any structure or object, used for the purpose of practice shooting by aerial, seaborne or land mounted weapons. back
monument POST HOLE * A hole dug to provide a firm base for an upright post, often with stone packing. Use broader monument type where known. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record