Information for record number MWA8778:
Medieval Field System, Wood Farm, Bubbenhall

Summary The remains of Medieval or Post Medieval ridge and furrow cultivation were found during an excavation. Hedgerows in this area probably date from the pre-enclosure field system. They are situated 800m south east of Bubbenhall.
What Is It?  
Type: Ridge And Furrow, Field System
Period: Medieval - Post-Medieval (1066 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Bubbenhall
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 37 71
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Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Excavation of land proposed for gravel extraction revealed traces of ridge and furrow, suggesting that it was under cultivation at least by the later Medieval/Post Medieval period and two of the surviving hedgerows on site probably belonged to this pre-enclosure system.
2 The remains of Medieval ridge and furrow were observed in the form of depressions in the surface of the geological natural clay. They ran roughly northwest-southeast and occurred 5-7m apart. They were only recorded to the north of the former field boundary, in the centre of the area stripped.
3 Portable Antiquities Scheme find provenance information: Date found: 2000-11-01T00:00:00Z Methods of discovery: Metal detector

Source No: 1
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Archaeological Evaluation of Land at Wood Farm, Bubbenhall
Author/originator: Jones G & Palmer N
Date: 1999
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Report No 9949
Source No:
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) Database
Author/originator: British Museum
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Bubbenhall, Wood Farm, Warwickshire: Archaeological Observation of Topsoil Stripping 2003
Author/originator: Jones, G. C.
Date: 2004
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period Post Medieval About 1540 AD to 1750 AD (the 16th century AD to the 18th century AD)

The Post Medieval period comes after the medieval period and before the Imperial period.

This period covers the second half of the reign of the Tudors (1485 – 1603), the reign of the Stuarts (1603 – 1702) and the beginning of the reign of the Hannoverians (1714 – 1836).
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument FIELD SYSTEM * A group or complex of fields which appear to form a coherent whole. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument FIELD BOUNDARY * The limit line of a field. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record