Information for record number MWA8995:
Wormleighton Medieval Settlement

Summary The probable extent of settlement at Wormleighton during the Medieval period, which has been identified on the Ordnance Survey map of 1886. This site excludes the earthworks known as Wormleighton Deserted Village.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Wormleighton
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 44 53
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 The possible extent of the Medieval settlement based on the first edition OS map of 1886, 46 SE.
2 The ridge and furrow plotting of the parish.
3 Domesday has 3 entries for Wormleighton which was in Hunsbury Hundred. The Phillimore edition has a grid reference of 4453. Ref 16,54 in Wormleighton 1 1/2 hides. Land for 5 ploughs. Gilbert holds from him. In lordship 2 ploughs; 6 slaves; 15 villagers and 2 smallholders with 7 ploughs and with a priest. Meadow 9 acres. The value was 30s; later 20s; now £4 10s. Leofric held it freely before 1066. Ref 17,61 Warin holds 3 hides in Wormleighton. Land for 8 ploughs. In lordship 4. 15 villagers, 4 smallholders and 2 freemen have 7 ploughs between them all. Meadow 36 acres; 2 men-at-arms hold 1 hide and 1 virgate of this land; they have 2 ploughs, with 3 smallholders. Total value before 1066 £4; later as much; now £10. Ordric, Wulfwin and Wulfric held it freely. Ref 30,2 Also from Geoffrey (de Mandeville) William holds 1/2 hide and the fourth part of 1 hide in Wormleighton. Land for 1 1/2 ploughs. In lordship 1 plough, with 2 smallholders. The value was 20s; now 15s.
4 The 1886 map shows quite a compact village of roadside development mostly to the south of the church. Trees and orchards fill a lot of the small fields. An apparent boundary hedge is confirmed by the ridge and furrow plotting which has survival abutting the village on all sides except to the northwest, which is the site of the deserted settlement WA1308. The church dates from the C12th.
5 The deserted Medieval settlement of Wormleighton is visible as buried and earthwork remains which comprise the moated site of the manor house, tofts and crofts, house platforms and allotments of the Medieval village, with its associated hollow ways, field boundaries, enclosures, and Medieval ridge and furrow cultivation. The site also includes the remains of a post-Medieval fishpond complex and a series of post-Medieval enclosures which were superimposed on the site of the former settlement. William Coope, who turned the site over to sheep pasture, depopulated the village in the 1490s. Documents record that 12 messuages and three cottages were destroyed, making 60 people homeless. The settlement features, still clearly visible on aerial photographs, were transcribed in 2011. Mapped as part of SE Warks and Cotswold HLS target areas NMP. An additional area (NRHE 1548761) was also mapped: The possible Medieval earthwork remains of a shrunken part of the village of Wormleighton are visible on aerial photographs. The earthworks are located to the south of the village and north of Wormleighton Hall and although it is not clear from the aerial photographs they appear to define hollow ways and croft boundaries, but may also represent landscaped features associated with the Hall. The earthworks were transcribed in 2011.
6 HER polygon altered to reflect both NMP mapping and lidar imagery.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph Transcript
Title: Wormleighton parish
Author/originator: ARI
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Domesday Book Warwickshire incl Birmingham
Author/originator: Phillimore and Co Ltd
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Comments on villages and towns in the Medieval Settlement study.
Author/originator: Hester Hawkes.
Date: 2002/3
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds NMP Project
Author/originator: Amanda Dickson
Date: 2010-2012
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 1st edition 6" maps. Medieval settlement evaluation.
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1880s
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 46SE 1:10560 1886
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1886
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 46SE
Source No: 6
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Pers. Comm.
Author/originator: B Gethin
Date: 2013 onwards
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
source Domesday Book The Domesday Book was commissioned in December 1085 by William the Conqueror, who invaded England in 1066. It contains records for about 13,000 medieval settlements in the English counties south of the rivers Ribble and Tees (the border with Scotland at the time). The Domesday Book is a detailed record of the lands and their resources that belonged to the king. It also records the identity of the landholders and their tenants. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FISHPOND * A pond used for the rearing, breeding, sorting and storing of fish. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument TOFT * The place where a house stood or had once stood, often adjoining a garth or croft. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument MANOR HOUSE * The principal house of a manor or village. back
monument BOUNDARY * The limit to an area as defined on a map or by a marker of some form, eg. BOUNDARY WALL. Use specific type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument ALLOTMENT * A share or portion of land, allotted to a person, often used for growing, vegetables, fruit, etc. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument PASTURE * A field covered with herbage for the grazing of livestock. back
monument DESERTED SETTLEMENT * An abandoned settlement, usually of the Medieval period, often visible only as earthworks or on aerial photographs. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument HIDE * A shelter, sometimes camouflaged, for the observation of birds and animals at close quarters. back
monument CROFT * An enclosed piece of land adjoining a house. back
monument HOUSE PLATFORM * An area of ground on which a house is built. A platform is often the sole surviving evidence for a house. back
monument HEDGE * Usually a row of bushes or small trees planted closely together to form a boundary between pieces of land or at the sides of a road. back
monument ORCHARD * An enclosure used for the cultivation of fruit trees. back
monument MEADOW * A piece of grassland, often near a river, permanently covered with grass which is mown for use as hay. back
monument TARGET * Any structure or object, used for the purpose of practice shooting by aerial, seaborne or land mounted weapons. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back
monument MESSUAGE * A dwelling-house with outbuildings and land assigned to its use. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument HOLLOW WAY * A way, path or road through a cutting. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record