Information for record number MWA9019:
The House Underground, Baxterley Hall Park, nr Atherstone

Summary The site of a sandstone mine which was in use during the Imperial period. It was situated in the area of Baxterley Hall Park.
What Is It?  
Type: Mine, Steam Whim
Period: Imperial - Industrial (1751 AD - 1913 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Baxterley
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 27 97
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 The remains of a sandstone block and brick structure found in woodland have been interpreted as a sandstone mine, in operation in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Four adits were identified together with evidence of a steam powered winding mechanism. It is possible that one of the adits had a shaft to the Spirorbis Limestone a few metres below the adit level.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: "The House Underground" Baxterley Hall Park, Nr. Atherstone
Author/originator: Cook, Alan
Date: 2001
Page Number:
The House Underground, a 19th century sandstone mine, Baxterley
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1900s
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Word or Phrase
period Imperial 1751 AD to 1914 AD (end of the 18th century AD to the beginning of the 20th century AD)

This period comes after the Post Medieval period and before the modern period and starts with beginning of the Industrial Revolution in 1750. It includes the second part of the Hannoverian period (1714 – 1836) and the Victorian period (1837 – 1901). The Imperial period ends with the start of the First World War in 1914.
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monument SHAFT * Use only if function unknown, otherwise use specific type. back
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument PARK * An enclosed piece of land, generally large in area, used for hunting, the cultivation of trees, for grazing sheep and cattle or visual enjoyment. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ADIT * Horizontal tunnel opening from the surface used for haulage or access to a mine. It can also be used for drainage. back
monument INDUSTRIAL * This is the top term for the class. See INDUSTRIAL Class List for narrow terms. back
monument STEAM WHIM * A steam-powered machine used for raising ore or water from a mine. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument MINE * An excavation made in the earth for the purpose of digging out metallic ores, coal, salt, or precious stones etc. Use specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record