Information for record number MWA948:
Barnmoor Wood Camp

Summary Barnmoor Wood Camp, a hillfort dating to the Iron Age. The remains survive as earthworks. The site is located 500m west of Barnmoor Green.
What Is It?  
Type: Hillfort
Period: Iron Age (800 BC - 42 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Claverdon
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 17 64
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 In Barnmoor Wood are the remains of a small oval camp, situated upon the S edge of a slight elevation, with extensive views all round. The entrenchment appears to be almost oval,enclosing a raised plateau of about 1.46 ha. This is defined by a bank and ditch, with traces of a second bank and ditch outside. The inner ditch is about 6m wide, the outer ditch is considerably modified by a fence but appears to be about 6m wide and some 3.6m deep, with a causeway some 9m wide across it, which connects the enclosure with a flat elevated area covering about 10 ha lying beyond it. This area has sloping sides and signs of cut terraces, possibly the remains of former ramparts. A story exists that in the mid 19th century cut stones were found in a corner of the interior of the camp, which appeared to have formed an underground chamber.
3 Small, multivallate, in a commanding position. Main entrance is on the W and strongly defended, and there is a well-marked funnel entrance at the NE. The 'terraces' are mainly natural with, in plans [?should this read places], slight artificial scarping. There are no indications of former multivallation.
5 Reference 3 contradicts itself. The hillfort appears to be univallate.
6 Possible outwork extending along promontory on NW side enclosing some 0.8-1.3 ha, formed by an outer rampart looping outward from the line of the inner one. This can be traced under hedges. This field is under rotational grass. The main fort is under a Wood which has recently been cleared.
7 An oval camp enclosing about three and a half acres with very pronounced bank and ditch, complete except at two points.
8 SAM List.
9 Photograph.
10 Short descriptive text summarises site history and archaeology.
11 Revision of scheduling in 1993.
12 Correspondence from 1977 about the extent of the scheduled area.
13 Correspondence from 1986-7 about a proposed management plan for the site.
14 Notes about the plan in

Source No: 6
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Barnmoor Wood
Author/originator: RGL
Date: 1977
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 1, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Doubleday H A & Page W (eds)
Date: 1904
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 1
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: TBAS 1872
Author/originator: Burgess T
Date: 1872
Page Number: 85
Source No: 14
Source Type: Conservation Plan
Title: Barnmoor Wood Camp
Author/originator: H. Maclagan/P. Copson
Date: 1986
Page Number:
Source No: 12
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Barnmoor Camp. Claverdon
Author/originator: WM
Date: 1977
Page Number:
Source No: 13
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Barnmoor Wood Camp, Claverdon
Author/originator: EH and WM
Date: 1986-7
Page Number:
Source No: 9
Source Type: Photograph
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: SMW
Date: 1979
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: PRN 948
Source No: 4
Source Type: Plan
Title: Plan
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1961
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 27SE13
Source No: 3
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 26NE2
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1961
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 26NE2
Source No: 7
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Barnmoor Camp, Claverdon
Author/originator: Ministry of Works
Page Number:
Source No: 8
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: SAM list
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1985
Page Number:
Source No: 11
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Barnmoor Wood Camp
Author/originator: EH
Date: 1993
Page Number:
Source No: 10
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Barnmoor Camp
Author/originator: Reading, Shirely
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: R.C. Hingley personal comments
Author/originator: R C Hingley
Page Number:
Iron Age hillfort, Claverdon
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1996
Click here for larger image  
back to top


Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source SAM List Scheduled Ancient Monument List. A list or schedule of archaelogical and historic monuments that are considered to be of national importance. The list contains a detailed description of each Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM) and a map showing their location and extent. By being placed on the schedule, SAMs are protected by law from any unauthorised distrubance. The list has been compiled and is maintained by English Heritage. It is updated periodically. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
more ->
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FORT * A permanently occupied position or building designed primarily for defence. back
monument RAMPART * A protective earthen mound, often the main defence of a fortification. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument CAUSEWAY * A road or pathway raised above surrounding low, wet or uneven ground. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument HEDGE * Usually a row of bushes or small trees planted closely together to form a boundary between pieces of land or at the sides of a road. back
monument SIGN * A board, wall painting or other structure displaying advice, giving information or directions back
monument ROUND * A small, Iron Age/Romano-British enclosed settlement found in South West England. back
monument HILLFORT * A hilltop enclosure bounded by one or more substantial banks, ramparts and ditches. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FENCE * A construction of wood or metal used to enclose an area of land, a building, etc. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument TERRACE * A row of houses attached to and adjoining one another and planned and built as one unit. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record