Information for record number MWA9481:
Chapel Green, Napton on the Hill, Medieval Settlement

Summary The possible extent of the medieval settlement at Chapel Green based on documentary evidence.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Napton on the Hill
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 46 60
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 The possible extent of the medieval settlement, based on the first edition 6" map of 1886, 41 SW.
2 The ridge and furrow plotting of the parish of Napton.
3 The 1886 map shows very thin settlement bounded by drains, with an enclosed triangular area at its centre, and a field pattern radiating out from this centre. ridge and furrow survival abuts it on the eastern side, with another small piece within the boundary in the northwest. MWA740 is the site of the medieval chapel of St Lawrence, and MWA744, MWA6212, and MWA6214 are deserted medieval settlement sites.
4 Evaluation within the shrunken settlement area. A stone wall foundation was recorded, probably part of a medieval or post-medieval house or farm building. A large, possibly associated, yard surface was also recorded. It is suggested that the yard surface may have continued in use over a long period of time as some pottery dating from the 17th-18th century was found pressed into the surface, whilst several sherds of pottery dating from the 12th-13th century were found within two layers beneath it.
5 Further recording was carried out within the settlement; a possible medieval or post-medieval yard durface was recorded, probably associated with the building previously recorded.
7 Two discrete areas of earthworks were identified from Google Earth satellite imagery, associated with areas of shrunken settlement within the previously mapped extent of medieval settlement, by the AOC Assessment of Local Services Villages for Stratford-on-Avon District Council in 2012. See MWA19252 and MWA19253 for further details of these areas of shrunken settlement, which have been mapped separately.

Source No:
Source Type: Archaeological Report
Title: Orchard House, Chapel Green, Napton-on-the-Hill, Warwickshire: Archaeological Watching Brief
Author/originator: Gethin B
Date: 2013
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 1379
Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph Transcript
Title: Napton on the Hill parish
Author/originator: ARI
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Comments on villages and towns in the Medieval Settlement study.
Author/originator: Hester Hawkes.
Date: 2002/3
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Historic Environment Assessment of Local Service Villages, Stratford-on-Avon District, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Carter, H and MacQuarrie, H
Date: 2012
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Archaeological Evaluation at Eureka, Chapel Green, Napton-on-the-Hill, Warwickshire
Author/originator: B Gethin
Date: 2009
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Google Earth Aerial and Street View
Author/originator: Google Earth
Date: 1945-present
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 1st edition 6" maps. Medieval settlement evaluation.
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1880s
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 41SW 1:10560 1884
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1884
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 41SW
Source No: 5
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Archaeological Observation at Eureka, Chapel Green, Napton-on-the-Hill, Warwickshire
Author/originator: P Thompson and B Gethin
Date: 2009
Page Number:
Source No: 8
Source Type: Serial
Title: West Midlands Archaeology Vol 57
Author/originator: CBA West Midlands
Date: 2015
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: No 57
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Word or Phrase
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument YARD * A paved area, generally found at the back of a house. back
monument LAYER * An archaeological unit of soil in a horizontal plane which may seal features or be cut through by other features. back
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument BOUNDARY * The limit to an area as defined on a map or by a marker of some form, eg. BOUNDARY WALL. Use specific type where known. back
monument DRAIN * An artificial channel for draining water or carrying it off. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument CHAPEL * A freestanding building, or a room or recess serving as a place of Christian worship in a church or other building. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ORCHARD HOUSE * A forcing house used for various types of fruit which first appeared in the 19th century. Lean-to houses were used for wall-grown fruit and free-standing houses for fruit grown in pots or for trees planted in the ground. back
monument FARM BUILDING * A building or structure of unknown function found on a farm. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record