Information for record number MWA9493:
Barnacle Medieval Settlement

Summary The probable extent of the medieval settlement at Barnacle, based on the Ordnance Survey 6" map of 1887.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Shilton
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 38 84
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 The probable extent of the medieval settlement, based on the first edition OS 6" map of 1887, 17SW.
2 Ridge and furrow has not yet been plotted for the parish, but an RAF aerial photo show survival to the north, west and south, in some cases abutting the edge of the settlement.
3 Barnacle is listed in Domesday in Brinklow Hundred. The Phillimore edition has a grid reference of 38,84. Ref 16,48 1 hide. Hereward holds from him. (The Count of Meulan) Land for 2 ploughs. 2 villagers and 2 smallholders with 1 plough. Woodland 4 furlongs long and 3 wide. The value was and is 20s. Hereward also held it freely before 1066.
4 The 1887 map shows a small village with a central area enclosed by lanes of which only part is occupied, suggesting shrinkage. It is bounded to the south by the parish boundary, and there is a little line of houses and gardens up against this boundary on the other side. Domesday indicates a modest settlement at that date. There is no church, but a moated site [WA4200] to the west.
5 Briefly noted.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP38SE
Author/originator: RAF
Date: 1949
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Date: 06/28/76
Page Number: M
Volume/Sheet: SP4376
Source No: 5
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Ansty and Shilton
Author/originator: D C O Adams
Date: 1907
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Comments on villages and towns in the Medieval Settlement study.
Author/originator: Hester Hawkes.
Date: 2002/3
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 1st edition 6" maps. Medieval settlement evaluation.
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1880s
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 17SW 1:10560 1887
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1887
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument BOUNDARY * The limit to an area as defined on a map or by a marker of some form, eg. BOUNDARY WALL. Use specific type where known. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument PARISH BOUNDARY * The limit line of a parish. back
monument HIDE * A shelter, sometimes camouflaged, for the observation of birds and animals at close quarters. back
monument GARDEN * An enclosed piece of ground devoted to the cultivation of flowers, fruit or vegetables and/or recreational purposes. Use more specific type where known. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record