Information for record number MWA9506:
Churchover Medieval Settlement

Summary The probable extent of the medieval settlement at Churchover based on the Ordnance Survey map of 1886.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Market, Fair
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Churchover
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 51 80
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 The probable extent of the medieval settlement based on the OS first edition 6" map of 1886, 23NE.
2 There are three entries for Churchover in Domesday, in Brinklow Hundred. The Phillimore edition has a grid ref of 5180. Ref 14,5 (Land of Earl Aubrey) in (Church)Over 2 1/2 hides. Land for 3 ploughs. Alric held it; he was free, with the land. 1 villager and 2 smallholders. The value was 5s; now 4d more. Ref 17,46 Ralph also holds 1/2 hide in (Church)Over. Land for 1/2 plough. 1 villager. Meadow 1/2 acre. The value was and is 3s. Ref 22,1 Robert of Stafford holds 7 hides in (Church)Over from the King. Land for 12 ploughs. In lordship 4. 14 villagers and 5 smallholders have 5 ploughs. A mill at 2s; Meadow 4 acres. The value was 20s; now 100s. Waga held it freely before 1066.
3 The 1886 map shows a compact village with a several large buildings. A number of earthworks are marked on the western side between the village and the river. The RAF vertical aerial photo for this area is not available, nor is there ridge and furrow plotting of the parish which would help in establishing boundaries. The shape of two fields on the southern side suggest that the settlement might have stretched further that way. Domesday indicates quite a valuable village in multi-ownership. The Church dates from the medieval period.
4 In 1334 Subsidy valued at £34.50. Brownsover, Cestres Over and Churchover are linked by their second element ‘over’, which is derived from ‘Waver’. These three places are situated on or near the river Swift, which was probably previously called the Waver. Waver, or Waure, is identified as both Churchover and Cestres Over in The Place-Names of Warwickshire: the 1257 charter at ‘Waure’ is cited as an example under both place-names. VCH locates the 1257 grant of the market and fair under the manor of ‘Waver or Cestres Over’. Today Cestres Over survives only as a farm; it is less than a mile north-west of Churchover. M (Charter) Tues; gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to William de Waure (CChR, 1226–57, p. 474). To be held at the manor of Waure, co. Warwick. This is identified as Church Over in the index of the CChR. F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to William de Waure (CChR, 1226–57, p. 474). To be held at the manor of Waure, co. Warwick. This is identified as Church Over in the index of CChR.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Domesday Book Warwickshire incl Birmingham
Author/originator: Phillimore and Co Ltd
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Comments on villages and towns in the Medieval Settlement study.
Author/originator: Hester Hawkes.
Date: 2002/3
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516 (Warwickshire)
Author/originator: Institute of Historical Research (CMH)
Date: 2005
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Warwickshire
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 1st edition 6" maps. Medieval settlement evaluation.
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1880s
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 23NE 1:10560 1886
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1886
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Sht Warks XXIII NE
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Word or Phrase
source Domesday Book The Domesday Book was commissioned in December 1085 by William the Conqueror, who invaded England in 1066. It contains records for about 13,000 medieval settlements in the English counties south of the rivers Ribble and Tees (the border with Scotland at the time). The Domesday Book is a detailed record of the lands and their resources that belonged to the king. It also records the identity of the landholders and their tenants. back
source VCH The Victoria County History of the Counties of England. This publication covers the history of each county in England. For Warwickshire, seven volumes were published between 1904 and 1964. They comprise a comprehensive account of the history of each town and village in the county, and important families connected to local history. Each volume is organised by 'hundred', an Anglo-Saxon unit of land division. The Victoria County History also contains general chapters about Warwickshire's prehistory, ecclesiastical and economic history. A copy of each volume is held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument MARKET * An open space or covered building in which cattle, goods, etc, are displayed for sale. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FAIR * A site where a periodical gathering of buyers, sellers and entertainers, meet at a time ordained by charter or statute or by ancient custom. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument HIDE * A shelter, sometimes camouflaged, for the observation of birds and animals at close quarters. back
monument MEADOW * A piece of grassland, often near a river, permanently covered with grass which is mown for use as hay. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record