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Your search for "pit" resulted in the following result(s).

monument Word or Phrase:EMBANKED PIT ALIGNMENT *  
Definition:A pit alignment accompanied by a linear bank (or banks) running parallel and adjacent to the line(s) of pits.

monument Word or Phrase:PIT DEFINED ENCLOSURE *  
Definition:An enclosure where the boundary consists of a line of discrete pits, as opposed to a continuous ditch. Use with a term that describes the shape of the monument.

monument Word or Phrase:PITCH MAKING HEARTH *  
Definition:A hearth constructed specifically for the manufacture of pitch.

monument Word or Phrase:ALL WEATHER PITCH *  
Definition:A sports pitch usually with a synthetic surface (ie. not grass).

monument Word or Phrase:ANIMAL BURIAL PIT *  
Definition:A place where dead animals are buried.

monument Word or Phrase:CLAY PUDDLING PIT *  
Definition:A pit used for the containment of clay whilst it is mixed to the right consistency for brickmaking.

monument Word or Phrase:FULLERS EARTH PIT *  
Definition:A pit for the extraction of fullers earth (a hydrous silicate of alumina), which was used for cleansing, and finishing, cloth and wool.

monument Word or Phrase:GRAIN STORAGE PIT *  
Definition:A pit where grain is stored.

monument Word or Phrase:BELL CASTING PIT *  
Definition:A pit, sometimes found close to a church or cathedral, where bells were cast in medieval times.

monument Word or Phrase:LIME SLAKING PIT *  
Definition:A pit where calcium oxide (Quicklime) has been hydrated to produce calcium hydroxide, known as slaked lime.

monument Word or Phrase:PITCHBACK WHEEL *  
Definition:A type of waterwheel where the incoming supply of water leaves a launder near the top of the wheel, and drops onto the paddles or buckets of the wheel which rotates in the reverse direction to that of the incoming flow.

monument Word or Phrase:PROSPECTING PIT *  
Definition:A pit dug in the prospect of finding valuable minerals, coal, metal ores, etc, beneath the ground surface.

monument Word or Phrase:BRICKEARTH PIT *  
Definition:A pit used for the excavation of clay suitable for making bricks.

monument Word or Phrase:DRAWBRIDGE PIT *  
Definition:A purpose built pit, usually below a gatehouse or barbican, into which the counterweight of a drawbridge could be lowered, thus enabling the bridge to be raised.

monument Word or Phrase:EXTRACTIVE PIT *  
Definition:Surface workings including shallow shafts, lode workings, open-pit methods and quarrying including some mines of stone, clays, compounds, etc. See also MINERAL EXTRACTION SITE.

monument Word or Phrase:FOOTBALL PITCH *  
Definition:A prepared area of grass on which the game of football is played.

monument Word or Phrase:CREMATION PIT *  
Definition:A pit over which a corpse has been cremated on a pyre into which the remains and debris, and sometime grave goods, collapse and are buried. Generally confined to the Roman period.

monument Word or Phrase:CRICKET PITCH *  
Definition:An area of grass, marked out for use in the game of cricket.

monument Word or Phrase:IRONSTONE PIT *  
Definition:A large pit formed by, and for, the extraction of iron ore.

monument Word or Phrase:PIT ALIGNMENT *  
Definition:A single line, or pair of roughly parallel lines, of pits set at intervals along a common axis or series of axes. The pits are not thought to have held posts.

monument Word or Phrase:PITHEAD BATHS *  
Definition:A building containing the colliery showers. Also often containing first aid and mine rescue facilities.

monument Word or Phrase:PREACHING PIT *  
Definition:A large, circular hollow, often with a platform and seating built into the sides, used for preaching.

monument Word or Phrase:BLUNGING PIT *  
Definition:Pit for mixing raw materials with water in the preparation of a clay body.

monument Word or Phrase:HOCKEY PITCH *  
Definition:A playing area for the game of hockey. May be a grass or artificial surface.

monument Word or Phrase:HORNCORE PIT *  
Definition:A pit lined with the bony cores of animal horns. Thought to date from the 17th/18th centuries and believed to have been used in the tanning industry although some may have been used for casting cannon.

monument Word or Phrase:SETTLING PIT *  
Definition:Pit for the depostion of ore sediment from waste water collected from ore washing.

monument Word or Phrase:STEEPING PIT *  
Definition:Pit for soaking animal hides as part of the tanning process.

monument Word or Phrase:CHARNEL PIT *  
Definition:A pit used for the re-burial of disarticulated human remains from many individuals, occasionally displaying sorting of remains, eg. grouping of skulls or long bones. Distinct from mass burials which contain articulated skeletal remains.

monument Word or Phrase:COOKING PIT *  
Definition:A pit which shows evidence for having been used for cooking. Often contains charcoal, burnt bone fragments etc.

monument Word or Phrase:LATRINE PIT *  
Definition:A hole dug in the ground to act as a, usually temporary, communal toilet facility.

monument Word or Phrase:MINERAL PIT *  
Definition:A pit in the ground from where minerals are dug.

monument Word or Phrase:PIT CLUSTER *  
Definition:A spatially discrete group of pits usually containing artefactual material with little or no accompanying evidence for structural features.

monument Word or Phrase:RUBBISH PIT *  
Definition:A pit where domestic waste material is deposited.

monument Word or Phrase:RUGBY PITCH *  
Definition:A prepared area of grass on which the game of rugby is played.

monument Word or Phrase:SOAKING PIT *  
Definition:A furnace for holding hot steel ingots to equalize their temperature before they are hot-rolled in a steel-making or rolling mill complex.

monument Word or Phrase:STORAGE PIT *  
Definition:A pit dug in the ground used to store meat, grain and other foodstuffs. A common feature of Iron Age farms.

monument Word or Phrase:TANNING PIT *  
Definition:A pit or tank containing chemicals for the preserving of animal hide.

monument Word or Phrase:WASHING PIT *  
Definition:A pit or tank where the chemicals used in tanning are washed from the animal hides.

monument Word or Phrase:WEAPONS PIT *  
Definition:Usually a small, two or three man trench, dug as an isolated fieldwork rather than as part of a defensive system. A WWI and WWII feature.

monument Word or Phrase:BADGER PIT *  
Definition:A site used for the sport of badger baiting using fighting dogs.

monument Word or Phrase:BURIAL PIT *  
Definition:A place where dead bodies are buried together. Often unconsecrated ground.

monument Word or Phrase:GRAVEL PIT *  
Definition:A steep-sided pit formed by, and for, the extraction of gravel.

monument Word or Phrase:PIT CIRCLE *  
Definition:An enclosure of Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age date, related to henges, defined by a circular arrangement of pits, probably none of which originally held posts. More than one circle, concentrically arranged, may be present.

monument Word or Phrase:PLAGUE PIT *  
Definition:A deep pit used for the burial of plague victims.

monument Word or Phrase:RITUAL PIT *  
Definition:A pit which appears to have been dug for, or which contains, objects apparently deposited for reasons other than storage, disposal or extraction. Index with principal object types.

monument Word or Phrase:BRINE PIT *  
Definition:A pit dug for the extraction of brine.

monument Word or Phrase:CHALK PIT *  
Definition:A place from which chalk is extracted.

monument Word or Phrase:OCHRE PIT *  
Definition:A site where iron oxide and iron sulphates, used as brown pigments, are excavated.

monument Word or Phrase:RIFLE PIT *  
Definition:A pit dug to protect a small group of infantry men.

monument Word or Phrase:STOKE PIT *  
Definition:The position of a fire in a wood-fuelled furnace. All periods from the Iron Age to the 17th century.

monument Word or Phrase:SWING PIT *  
Definition:This is a pit used in the glass industry for the production of cylinder glass. The only surviving examle in England is at the Hartley Wood Glasworks, Sunderland. It is a feature of 19th century and later glassworks

monument Word or Phrase:WHEEL PIT *  
Definition:The rectangular pit in which the lower part of a waterwheel revolves.

monument Word or Phrase:BEAR PIT *  
Definition:A pit where bears were housed for baiting and entertainment purposes. If not used for baiting use BEAR ENCLOSURE.

monument Word or Phrase:BELL PIT *  
Definition:A bell-shaped pit used in early coal mining. Use with functional type if known, eg. COAL WORKINGS.

monument Word or Phrase:BULL PIT *  
Definition:An enclosure used for baiting bulls.

monument Word or Phrase:CESS PIT *  
Definition:A pit for the reception of night-soil and refuse.

monument Word or Phrase:CLAY PIT *  
Definition:A place from which clay is extracted.

monument Word or Phrase:DUNG PIT *  
Definition:A pit used for containing manure.

monument Word or Phrase:FIRE PIT *  
Definition:A pit dug into the ground or a simple construction made of stone, brick or metal. Designed to contain a fire and prevent it from spreading, but can also be used to heat stone for breaking.

monument Word or Phrase:KELP PIT *  
Definition:A stone-lined pit in which seaweed was burnt. The calcined ashes were used in the manufacture of soap and glass, amongst other things.

monument Word or Phrase:MARL PIT *  
Definition:A pit from which marl, a mixture of clay and carbonate of lime, is excavated. Marl is used as a fertilizer.

monument Word or Phrase:PIT TRAP *  
Definition:A pit used to trap game. Often originally covered and consealed, and sometimes with sharpened stakes in the base.

monument Word or Phrase:SAND PIT *  
Definition:A pit from which sand is excavated.

monument Word or Phrase:SLAG PIT *  
Definition:A pit containing the waste product form iron working.

technique Word or Phrase:Test Pit  
Definition:A small, exploratory excavation that helps archaeologists to find out how deep below the ground surface the archaeological layers extend. They are also dug to discover whether the topsoil contains particular concentrations of artefacts. Test pits are dug before a large excavation to determine a site's depth and contents.

monument Word or Phrase:ASH PIT *  
Definition:A pit containing burnt ashes.

monument Word or Phrase:LYE PIT *  
Definition:A pit in which lye is used to clean hides/bones/etc. generally as part of the tanning process to remove excess fat, flesh, hair, etc. from the raw hide. The residue from these pits formed a crude soap which could be used for various cleaning purposes.

monument Word or Phrase:SAW PIT *  
Definition:A place where tree trunks were sawn into planks by hand.

monument Word or Phrase:PIT *  
Definition:A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known.

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record

All information © 2013 Warwickshire County Council.